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Definition   The infinitive   The imperative   Present tense   Past tense   Present perfect   Future tense   The passive form   Modal verbs  

1 Verbs

1.0 Definition

A verb tells us about an action, or a condition. This means that a verb describes a situation in which we do something, or in which something happens.

Hun sover. She sleeps.
Pigen spiser mad. The girl eats food.
Bilen kører hurtigt.   The car travels fast.
Koppen står på bordet.  The cup stands on the table.

In Danish the verb does not change its ending in the different persons. The verb changes ending in the different tenses, but the form of the verb is the same within the different tenses.

Conjugation of verbs in different persons


Present singular

Present plural

1st. person

Jeg spiser

vi spiser

2nd. person

Du spiser

I spiser

3rd. person

han/hun/den/det spiser

de spiser

In English, except for the 3rd. person singular in the present tense, the verb does not conjugate in the different persons, but conjugates, of course, in the tenses

 Questions of understanding

1 Udsagnsord

1.0 Definition

Et udsagnsord fortæller om en handling eller en tilstand. Det vil sige, at et udsagnsord fortæller om en situation, at man gør noget, eller at der sker noget.

Hun sover.
Pigen spiser mad.
Bilen kører hurtigt.  
Koppen står på bordet. 

På dansk ændrer udsagnsordet ikke endelsen i de forskellige personer. Udsagnsordet ændrer endelser i de forskellige tider, men hedder det samme i alle personerne inden for de forskellige tider.

Bøjning af udsagnsord i personer


Nutid ental

Nutid flertal

1. person

jeg spiser

vi spiser

2. person

du spiser

I spiser

3. person

han/hun/den/det spiser

de spiser

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